Bibliography: Democracy (page 451 of 605)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the I'm with Jill website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Coral Suter, Angela M. Harwood, Scientific United Nations Educational, J. Charles Park, Michael Useem, Christoph Fuhr, James S. Ettema, Paul Dimaggio, Maria Hantzopoulos, and James Otto Jensen.

Hantzopoulos, Maria (2015). Sites of Liberation or Sites of Despair?: The Challenges and Possibilities of Democratic Education in an Urban Public School in New York City, Anthropology & Education Quarterly. This article considers the possibilities of critical democratic education through the lived experiences of students at an urban U.S. public school. I show how students shape their own educational trajectories amid larger meta-narratives about schooling to illuminate the complexities and paradoxes of democratic schools. I argue that democratic schools are neither sites of transformation nor sites of despair, but rather sites where agency is negotiated, contested, and remade, often in unexpected, unassuming, and contradictory ways.   [More]  Descriptors: Urban Schools, Public Schools, Democracy, Student Experience

Suter, Coral; Croddy, Marshall (1986). American Album: 200 Years of Constitutional Democracy. Law in U.S. History. Law in Social Studies Series. This book explores the lives of people who have shaped the laws and legal system of the United States and describes their impact on the U.S. Constitution. The new government's beginnings are examined in unit 1, through the pitfalls and triumphs of the First Continental Congress. The role of John Marshall, the First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, who defined the nature of America's judicial branch of government, is outlined. The next unit follows Dorothea Dix in her struggle to reform America's prison system. Unit 4 discusses Dred Scott, whose landmark case helped define some of the issues underlying the Civil War. Unit 5 investigates famous lawmen and outlaws in the old West. Discussion of the Pinkertons and the James Gang, the Earps, and the Clantons reveals insights about law enforcement that spans both the 19th and 20th centuries. Unit 6 explores contrasting styles of executive leadership including Comanche Chief Quanah Parker, President Theodore Roosevelt, and Governor John Altgeld. Unit 7 describes the role of legal advocates through the lives of defense lawyer Clarence Darrow and prosecutor Thomas Dewey. Finally, unit 8 examines the civil rights movement. Each unit includes photos, discussion questions and follow-up activities.   [More]  Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Constitutional History, Constitutional Law, Correctional Institutions

Ettema, James S.; Glasser, Theodore L. (1994). The Irony in–and of–Journalism: A Case Study in the Moral Language of Liberal Democracy, Journal of Communication. Examines a particular rhetorical and narrative strategy–irony–used in a particular genre of contemporary journalism–investigative reporting–to tell stories about suffering and injustice. Argues that irony "in" journalism presents several ironies "of" journalism. Descriptors: Higher Education, Irony, Journalism, Mass Media Effects

Harwood, Angela M. (1991). The Difference between "Democracy Sucks" and "I May Become a Politician": Views from Three High School Civics Classes. This report presents a research project in which three high school civics classes composed of a total of 85 students were studied in order to assess the importance of classroom climate in the development of high school students' political attitudes. The differences in climate were expressed in daily teaching procedures and students' perceptions of politics. Student questionnaires as well as in-depth interviews were employed. The findings suggested that classes rated as "open" or "closed" by the students who attended them also differed in important qualitative ways. The findings also suggested that while classroom climate variables were related to political attitudes, they were probably not the most salient factor in determining students' political interest or involvement.  Finally, the qualitative findings from this study suggested that individual teaching style may be governed by teachers' philosophies toward teaching and by their training. A 77-item list of references is included, as are a number of the instruments used in the study.   [More]  Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship Education, Civics, Classroom Environment

Englund, Tomas (1994). Education as a Citizenship Right–A Concept in Transition: Sweden Related to Other Western Democracies and Political Philosophy, Journal of Curriculum Studies. Discusses recent, Swedish, educational, restructuring trends that shift away from a view of education as a public good to view as a private good. Concludes that education should be a criterion of citizenship rights and necessary to shape the public good. Descriptors: Access to Education, Citizen Role, Citizenship, Civil Rights

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). (1995). World Education Report, 1995. The Education of Women and Girls; Challenges to Pedagogy; Education for Peace, Human Rights and Democracy. This report, the third in UNESCO's series of World Education Reports, focuses on the largest single category of persons denied equality of educational opportunity in the world today: women and girls. The report examines global trends and developments in female access to formal education in both industrial and developing countries, focusing in particular on male-female disparities and gaps in key indicators (literacy rates, enrollment ratios, years of schooling, school retention and dropout rates, fields of study), as well as on girls' experiences in the educational process itself (such as pedagogy, testing, and assessment) and on the relationship between this process and adult life chances. Numerous figures, boxes, and tables are contained within the four chapters. Appendixes offer statistical notes, regional tables, world education indicators, and national reports and UNESCO reports, publications, and periodicals concerning education, 1993-95. Descriptors: Access to Education, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Dropout Rate

Fuhr, Christoph (1985). Democracy and the Unity of Culture: Cultural Policy during the Weimar Period and the Consequences for the Federal Republic, Western European Education. Many problems of educational policy are influenced by the distribution of tasks between the federal government and the Lander as prescribed by the German constitution. How the experiences of the Weimar Republic have affected education in the Federal Republic is shown through an analysis of constitutional history. Descriptors: Comparative Education, Constitutional History, Educational History, Educational Policy

Jensen, James Otto (1969). An Analysis of the Effect of Instructor Authoritarianism and Democracy upon Adult Achievement in Management Development Courses. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the influence of democratic and authoritarian teaching methods on the efficiency of learning in a short, concentrated management technique course and to develop and test hypotheses regarding the relationship between these teaching methods and the factors of instructor personality, student age, educational background, work experience, reason for attendance, and student personality. Subjects were 96 adults enrolled in four classes in a two week course conducted at an adult education center. Crticial factors included teaching methods and the selection of the two instructors. Subjects in two classes were taught by an operationally defined authoritarian teaching method by two instructors, one possessing a potentially democratic personality syndrome, the other a potentially anti-democratic syndrome. The other two classes were taught by an operationally defined democratic teaching method by the same instructors. The instructors were selected on the basis of their scores on the California F Scale. Subjects in all classes performed at essentially the same level of achievement. Age, amount of experience, reason for attending the course, and the subject's personality syndrome did not affect his achievement level. Educational level, however, affected the level of achievement. Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adult Learning, Age Differences, Authoritarianism

Dimaggio, Paul; Useem, Michael (1978). Cultural Democracy in a Period of Cultural Expansion: The Social Composition of Arts Audiences in the United States, Social Problems. Visitors to museums and audiences of live performing arts tend to be better educated, of higher occupational standing, and more affluent than the general populace. Recent trends indicate that expansion in the scale of arts activities and government subsidies has not been accompanied by a democratization of cultural consumption. Descriptors: Art Activities, Art Appreciation, Attendance Patterns, Cultural Activities

Rogers, John (2010). Safe and Participatory Public Schools. Research Brief, UCLA IDEA. The California State Assembly is presently considering AB 2034 which would prohibit school districts, county offices of education (COEs), or charter schools that elect to fingerprint volunteers from allowing individuals who have been convicted of specific sex, drug or violent offenses to volunteer in schools. This policy brief aims to inform policymakers and the general public about research on two topics related to the proposed legislation: a) the racial mismatch between drug users and drug offenders; b) the importance of volunteering to school outcomes, including student safety.   [More]  Descriptors: Charter Schools, Democracy, State Legislation, School Districts

York, David R. (1975). Democracy in the Classroom–An Evaluation, or "All I Want to be is Free-e-e", Community College Social Science Quarterly. The student planned, student organized, and student evaluated educational psychology courses at Des Moines Community College proceed on democratic principles, with students voting on course content and design, the role of the instructor, course progress, and grading policy. Descriptors: Course Descriptions, Course Organization, Curriculum Design, Participation

Suter, Coral; Croddy, Marshall (1986). American Album: 200 Years of Constitutional Democracy. Law in U.S. History. Law in Social Studies Series. Instructor's Edition. Arranged chronologically from the Constitution's initial implementation in the late 18th century to the civil rights movement of the 1950 and 60s, this volume contains eight study units. The units address various roles in the U.S. legal system and corresponding legal processes, while raising the following constitutional issues: (1) the role and powers of the legislative, executive, and judiciary offices; (2) the avenues of representation and access to government; (3) the balances between Federal and state governments and the government and individuals; (4) criminal processes and protections; (5) property and economic rights; (6) equality of rights, protection, and opportunity; and (7) constitutional flexibility and change. The project followed the California State Department of Education's Critical Thinking Skills Process Model and includes activities designed to give students practice in skills such as reasoning, analyzing, and assessing. These materials attempt to promote the goals of law-related education (LRE), which includes teaching students to think critically, manage conflicts, and participate in groups. Instructional methods, goals and objectives, background information, ideas and instructions, and discussion questions are included.   [More]  Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Constitutional History, Constitutional Law, Course Content

Gluck, Phyllis Gold (1984). Quality Versus Ideology: A Note on "Elitism" and "Cultural Democracy.", Journal of Aesthetic Education. Official policy in many developing nations includes making "national culture" the central force for unifying support for the government and getting rid of foreign influences in the arts. But qualitative criteria, not ideology, should be used in the formation of educational policy concerning what will be taught in the arts. Descriptors: Aesthetic Education, Art Education, Communism, Course Content

Karier, Clarence (1977). Making the World Safe for Democracy: An Historical Critique of John Dewey's Pragmatic Liberal Philosophy in the Warfare State, Educational Theory. The political influence of liberal reformers and philosophers at the time of World War I is discussed. Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Democratic Values, Diplomatic History, International Relations

Park, J. Charles (1979). Anti-Intellectualism, Democracy, and Teacher Education: A Look at Selected Problems Associated with Critics and the Schools, High School Journal. In this era of social stress, there are signs of increased pressure against public education from organizations on the political right. We are well advised to consider anew the dimensions of right-wing anti-intellectualism in our society and the role of educators in defending democratic principles. Descriptors: Anti Intellectualism, Communication (Thought Transfer), Democratic Values, Elementary Secondary Education

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