Bibliography: Democracy (page 443 of 605)

This bibliography is selected and organized by the I'm with Jill website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include John F. Moe, Barbara S. Gibson-Benninger, Polly Greenberg, Peter L. McLaren, Pedro A. Noguera, Peadar Shanahan, Mary Jane Turner, Bruce E. Johansen, Laurence Iannaccone, and Susan Hill Gross.

Gibson-Benninger, Barbara S.; And Others (1996). Diversity, Discourse, and Democracy: Needed Attributes in the Next Generation of Community College Leadership Programs, New Directions for Community Colleges. Argues that graduate programs for community college leaders should help students understand democratic models of leadership and recognize the leadership potential of all faculty and staff. Proposes that the programs be based on a cultural model of organizations and a relational model of discourse and communication. (37 citations)   [More]  Descriptors: Community Colleges, Curriculum Development, Democracy, Diversity (Institutional)

Lutz, Frank W.; Iannaccone, Laurence (1986). The Dissatisfaction Theory of American Democracy: A Guide for Politics in Local School Districts. Raymond Callahan's superintendent vulnerability thesis suggests that school superintendent behavior is subject to the political winds of local school boards, in turn dominated by the economic values of American businessmen. This thesis inspired a body of research termed "dissatisfaction theory," which describes the sequence of events resulting in school board incumbent defeat and superintendent turnover. The Robertsdale School District ethnographic study of three years in a district's political life portrays a community's increasing discontent with its public schools, board, and superintendent. It describes citizens' frustration at being unrepresented and unheard and focuses on the campaign of a challenger who unseats an incumbent board member, eventually becomes board president, and "eases out" the old superintendent. After illustrating the dissatisfaction theory model, this article evaluates numerous verification studies and offers conclusions and recommendations. The theory's most practical application is alerting beleaguered superintendents to potential causes of dissatisfaction. School officials and their boards need to be aware of socioeconomic changes and accompanying value shifts in their community that impact public education policy. The board must avoid elitism and heed special interest groups to prevent the recurrence of a disruptive, vicious cycle. Included are 1 figure and 33 references.   [More]  Descriptors: Boards of Education, Democracy, Elementary Secondary Education, Elitism

Fier, Harriet, Ed.; And Others (1994). Liberty and Justice. User Guide for Grades K-6. My America: Building a Democracy Series. This user guide covers "Liberty and Justice," and offers suggestions for preparatory activities, lessons, and follow-up activities for primary, intermediate, and upper grade students. Goals for the series are to help children: (1) become familiar with the democratic process and active citizenship; (2) recognize what it means to be a citizen in a multi-cultural society; (3) build skills in communications and cooperation; (4) recognize how laws are made and how a single vote and voice matter; and (5) experience how caring and commitment build community. The objective of "Liberty and Justice" is for children to explore the concept of liberty and justice for all. The guide contains a 15-item bibliography. Descriptors: Citizen Role, Citizenship, Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility

Greenberg, Polly (1992). Why Not Academic Preschool? Part 2. Autocracy or Democracy in the Classroom?, Young Children. Discusses three different approaches to child rearing: autocratic, anarchic, and democratic. Maintains that the use of each approach results in the development of a particular kind of character and behavior in the child. Also discusses John Dewey's efforts to define democratic character and his experiments with teacher attempts to develop this character in students. Descriptors: Academic Education, Child Rearing, Democracy, Democratic Values

Perlstein, Daniel (1996). Community and Democracy in American Schools: Arthurdale and the Fate of Progressive Education, Teachers College Record. Schools in Arthurdale (West Virginia), a New Deal resettlement community for displaced coal miners, made landmark efforts to bring Deweyan ideals of progressive education to bear on community life. The article examines Arthurdale's pedagogy and history in order to illuminate ambiguities of educators' efforts to promote community, emphasizing unaddressed problems of racial and social inequalities. Descriptors: Black Students, Community Schools, Democracy, Democratic Values

Herbst, Jurgen (1992). The American People's College: The Lost Promise of Democracy in Education, American Journal of Education. Describes the "people's college" as the distinctive nineteenth-century educational institution of the United States. These tax-supported public secondary schools prepared graduates for business and industry but lost their position as the defining secondary institution when challenged to prepare students for college as well as employment. Descriptors: Academic Education, College Preparation, Democracy, Educational Change

Gross, Susan Hill (1989). A Woman and an Election: Benazir Bhutto, Islam & Parliamentary Democracy in Pakistan, Social Studies Review. Provides a teaching unit about Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan, and her role in her nation's current history. Encourages students to understand the complexity of race, class, and gender in an Islamic society. Descriptors: Democracy, Elections, Foreign Countries, Islamic Culture

Shanahan, Peadar (1992). Towards a Knowledge Democracy? University Adult Education, Information Technology and Unemployed Persons, Studies in the Education of Adults. Illustrates problems and potentials of information technology education in university-based adult education programs. Considers issues in such programs for community development with unemployment persons. Describes the relationship of the University of Ulster's adult education department with 47 community groups. Descriptors: Access to Information, Adult Education, Community Development, Community Organizations

Dunston, Aingred Ghislayne (1989). Post World War II Civil Rights Movement: The Struggle for Democracy and Beyond. Two main ideas are put forth in this paper: a description of the struggle of African-Americans to become full participants in the democratic process both before and after World War II; and an argument posited that through these struggles African Americans exposed the imperfections and weaknesses of the democratic society and provided for themselves a blueprint of how to resist oppression successfully. The roots of the Civil Rights movement of the 20th century can be found in the historical experience of African-Americans in which they were systematically excluded from the democratic process. Highlights of the Civil Rights movement included specific incidents, marches and protests, the formation of organizations, legal efforts, and other tools utilized to promote social and political change. African-Americans had little choice but to resort to mass concerted pressure and to take their efforts outside the existing democratic structure, because the American ideals of equality and liberty did not, in reality, yet apply to them. The paper concludes by arguing that the struggle of African-Americans for civil rights provided a blueprint for successful resistance used by other disadvantaged groups in the 1960s and 1970s. A 28-item bibliography is included.   [More]  Descriptors: Black Achievement, Black History, Black Organizations, Blacks

Noguera, Pedro A. (1994). More Democracy Not Less: Confronting the Challenge of Privatization in Public Education, Journal of Negro Education. Explores factors that have contributed to recent interest in the privatization of public education and reframes questions about the crisis in public education. The privatization issue has too often been seen as a technical matter, but it should not be pursued without full consideration of the social costs and benefits. Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Democracy, Educational Change, Educational Economics

Turner, Mary Jane (1989). Education for Democracy in the United States: Post Sputnik to 1970. It is difficult to attempt to assess citizenship and political education in the United States over time or even at one point in time. The country is huge, culturally and politically diverse, and educational decision making is highly decentralized. Thus, to determine exactly what is being taught in the name of political education is not easy. Social studies has traditionally been assigned the responsibility for teaching citizenship, but not all social studies professionals agree about how to achieve this grand purpose. The goals, content, and methodology of political education in the United States are equally diffuse and complex. Because of the complexities inherent in the topic, this paper examined a limited set of issues: (1) who or what was considered a good citizen in the 1960s; (2) dominant course patterns in the schools; (3) criticisms of education leading to reform; (4) political education in the new social studies; and (5) the reactions, impact, and utilization of the new materials. The analysis focused primarily on secondary-level instruction. Four tables are included. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Civics, Curriculum Development, Democracy

McLaren, Peter L. (1997). Unthinking Whiteness, Rethinking Democracy: Or Farewell to the Blonde Beast; towards a Revolutionary Multiculturalism, Educational Foundations. Discusses how society can interrogate the cultural meanings of white dominance, suggesting a need to create a public sphere where the practice of whiteness is identified, analyzed, contested, and destroyed. The paper advocates a revolutionary multiculturalism focusing on the idea that identities are shifting, changing, overlapping, and historically diverse. Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Capitalism, Cultural Pluralism, Democracy

Grinde, Donald A., Jr.; Johansen, Bruce E. (1991). Exemplar of Liberty: Native America and the Evolution of Democracy. Native American Politics Series No. 3. Drawing on the historical record and primary sources, this book portrays how Native American political confederacies of the colonial era operated and how their organization and underlying principles influenced the founding fathers of U.S. political institutions. A complementary theme of this book is the intense debate about Native American contributions to the U.S. Constitution and the way in which "established" histories and historical scholars have overlooked the evidence of these contributions. Chapters are arranged along a timeline and cover the following topics: (1) accounts by early English and French traders, missionaries, and settlers about Native political organization and attitudes toward liberty; (2) governance of Native American nations that bordered British colonies; (3) images of Native Americans in European popular culture and the works of major philosophers of the 17th and 18th century; (4) Roger Williams' use of Native precedents for political freedom and religious toleration; (5) ideas of federalism as expressed by Benjamin Franklin and the Iroquois leaders Canassatego and Hendrick (Tiyanoga); (6) images of Native America in popular art, 1763-76, and in the writings of Franklin, Jefferson, and Paine; (7) the Sons of Saint Tammany, a patriotic organization that combined European and Native American ideas and motifs; and (8) references to Native ideas in governance in the 19th and 20th centuries. Contains many references in end-notes, illustrations, and an index. Descriptors: American Indian History, American Indian Studies, American Indians, Constitutional History

Lakey, Jennifer (1997). Teachers and Parents Define Diversity in an Oregon Preschool Cooperative–Democracy at Work, Young Children. Describes the ensuing conflict when the book "Daddy's Roommate" was included as part of the preschool anti-bias curriculum. Discusses parent boycott, letters to parents, board discussions, and formation of a committee to propose solutions. Describes the voting plan based on position statements on both sides of the issue and how creating a ballot allowed a compromise to emerge. Descriptors: Books, Censorship, Childrens Literature, Conflict Resolution

Moe, John F. (1990). Education, Democracy, and Cultural Pluralism: Continuing Higher Education in an Age of Diversity, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education. Commonalities between the late nineteenth- and late twentieth-century U.S. society emphasize the idea of diversity as the basis of unity. Programs to encourage minority adult participation in education must address the serious problems of immigrants and minorities while respecting cultural identity. (36 references) Descriptors: Continuing Education, Cultural Background, Cultural Pluralism, Democracy

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