Bibliography: Democracy (page 446 of 605)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized for the I'm with Jill website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Richard Lloyd-Jones, Kathleen A. Hunter, Paul Theobald, David Coulson, Asa G. Hilliard, Washington People for the American Way, Andrea A. Lunsford, James Eisenstein, Mike Bottery, and George Bobinski.

Coulson, David (1978). Antitrust Law and the Media: Making the Newspapers Safe for Democracy. A number of constitutional and economic problems are involved in the process of insuring a free press. The enforcement of antitrust laws by the Justice Department can, but does not, provide adequate safeguards for the public. Beginning with the 1945 Supreme Court decision, "Associated Press v. United States," many court decisions have been made concerning competitive principles, antitrust, and newspapers. Some of the issues involved include diversity of news and opinions; newspapers acting as local monopolies; the growth of newspaper chains and the resulting demise of independently owned newspapers; the financial difficulties of purchasing, establishing, and operating a competing newspaper; joint operation of competing newspapers; the fairness doctrine; the powers of the licensing agency for the broadcast industry; and divestiture when a newspaper owns a radio or television station in the same city. Any answer to the question of how to insure the existence of a free press must include a program that encourages new capital investment in the newspaper industry to stimulate competition, thereby forcing newspapers to give greater attention to opposing views and matters of public interest. Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Communication (Thought Transfer), Competition, Court Litigation

Bobinski, George, Ed. (1990). [Library and Information Services for Democracy, for Literacy, and for Productivity]. Conference Briefs, The Bookmark. This issue is designed to provide delegates and other participants in the New York State Governor's Conference in 1990 and the White House Conference on Library and Information Services in July 1991 with an overview of the current status and future needs of libraries and librarianship in the state. Following a message from Mario Cuomo, Governor of New York, the issue presents the following reports: (1) "Steps into the 1990s" (Richard C. Wade); (2) "The Idea of a Library in 2001" (Thomas J. Galvin); (3) "Library and Information Services for Productivity" (Robert Kraushaar and Barbara Beverley); (4) "Libraries, Literacy, and the Information Society" (Helen Huguenor Lyman); (5) "The Library As a Source of Civic Literacy" (Stephen L. Schechter); (6) "Access" (Patricia Glass Schuman); (7) "Saving Our Vanishing Past" (Carole F. Huxley); (8) "Managing Technology for Today's Library Services" (Teresa Strozik); (9) "Government Information Policy for the 1990s" (Sharon S. Dawes); (10) "Libraries and Learning" (Timothy S. Healy); (11) "Library Services and Programs in Public Libraries" (Bruni Verges); (12) "Library Users" (Andrew Geddes); (13) "Staffing" (Janet Steiner); (14) "Collections" (Kathleen Garland); (15) "Library Facilities" (Elaine Cohen); (16) "Who Makes Decisions on Library Services?" (Roberta G. Cade); (17) "Funding for Libraries in New York: A Primer" (Patricia Mautino); (18) "Public Library Services to Rural People" (Bernard Vavrek); (19) "Neighborhood Libraries in 1998: A Futuristic View" (Stanley A. Ransom); and (20) "A 1990s View of Library Systems" (Robert Wedgeworth). Also included in this issue are: "Public Library Services for a Diverse People: The Roles of Federal Government"; "Twelve Years Ago"; and "Regents Advisory Council on Libraries Report to the Board of Regents Cultural Education Committee, May 24, 1990." Descriptors: Conferences, Government Role, Information Technology, Library Collections

MAHONEY, MILDRED H. (). DISCRIMINATION–DANGER TO DEMOCRACY, A TEACHING UNIT ON CERTAIN CIVIL RIGHTS. REVISED EDITION. THIS 2-WEEK TEACHING UNIT FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS CONTAINS TWO OUTLINES FOR LESSONS, "HOW HIGH THE COST OF PREJUDICE" AND "HOW DO WE SAFEGUARD LIBERTY BY LAW." EACH UNIT LESSON CONTAINS SUGGESTIONS FOR CLASSROOM DISCUSSION AND ACTIVITIES AND RECOMMENDED READINGS FOR BOTH TEACHERS AND PUPILS. ALSO INCLUDED ARE 12 BRIEF CASE HISTORIES ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE WORK OF THE MASSACHUSETTS COMMISSION AGAINST DISCRIMINATION.   [More]  Descriptors: Civil Rights, High School Students, Lesson Plans, Racial Discrimination

National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC. Office of Public Programs. (1993). "The Blueprint of Democracy": The United States Constitution. This publication is intended for teachers bringing a class to visit the National Archives in Washington, D.C., for a workshop on primary documents. The National Archives serves as the repository for all federal records of enduring value. Primary sources are vital teaching tools because they actively engage the student's imagination so that he or she may visualize past events and make sense of their reality and meaning. This publication concerns a workshop on the U.S. Constitution. In addition to historical information on the U.S. Constitution, background on two documents involved in the workshop–George Washington's copy of the first draft of the Constitution and the 19th Amendment–is included. Photographs of these two documents as well as two student exercises also are provided.   [More]  Descriptors: Constitutional History, Elementary Secondary Education, Field Trips, History Instruction

Lloyd-Jones, Richard, Ed.; Lunsford, Andrea A., Ed. (1989). The English Coalition Conference: Democracy through Language (Queenstown, Maryland, July 6-26, 1987). Compiled from the three-week English Coalition conference of 60 leaders in the English teaching profession, this report examines the way English and the language arts are taught at all levels of education today, and the problems in society and education that interfere with learning. Conferees represented the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) and its constituent groups for college teachers of writing, high school English department chairs, and teacher educators; the Modern Language Association (MLA) and its affiliated Association of Departments of English; the College English Association, and the College Language Department. Areas discussed in the report include: (1) the teacher's role in the English classroom; (2) curriculum goals and emphases at all levels; (3) literacy education; and (4) recommendations for change in education. Resolutions proposed by various coalition subgroups and approved in general terms by the conference participants are also included in the report, and concern the place of media studies in the English/language arts curriculum, English as a foreign language, tracking in elementary and secondary schools, testing and assessment, teacher education and professional growth, the rights and responsibilities of students and teachers, and current conditions for the teaching of writing in colleges and universities. The report also includes a series of concrete illustrations of the problems and practices dealt with in the resolutions, as well as bibliographies on the issues, conditions, and concepts that figure in the report. A diary of conference events and a list of participants are also included.   [More]  Descriptors: College English, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, English Instruction

Perlman, Daniel H. (1976). Democracy in the University: A Case Study of Campus-Wide Governance at Roosevelt University. A case study of campus-wide governance at Roosevelt University in Chicago, Illinois, is presented that surveys the performance of the University Senate and its several committees during the period from 1966 through 1975 with respect to eight specific governance issues. The eight issues or areas of concern include: clarification of institutional purposes, clarification of programs, clarification of budget priorities, income development, program technology and management, program requirements and outcomes, academic and student behavior, and program evaluation. The phrase "campus-wide governance" is used to refer to those forms and arrangements for institutional decision-making, problem-solving, idea formation, and opinion expression that involve more than one constituency in the institution. Historical background on the university and a discussion of the evolution of campus-wide governance at the university are presented. The operations of the university's campus-wide governance mechanisms in each of the eight areas of concern are examined in detail. Appendices include the Constitution of the Faculty and By-Laws of Roosevelt University, the mission of Roosevelt University, the student code of conduct and the Judicial Review Board composition and procedure, and the Roosevelt University committee list.   [More]  Descriptors: Codes of Ethics, College Administration, College Governing Councils, College Role

Slaton, Christa Daryl (1994). Community Mediation Service: A Model for Teaching Democracy and Conflict Resolution. This paper depicts the origins, operation, and success of the Community Mediation Service established at the University of Hawaii, Manoa in 1979. During the 1970s, a national impetus for change arose out of stresses in the justice system including clogged courts, expensive and lengthy litigation, distrust of lawyers, and dissatisfaction of both winners and losers with outcomes. Proponents of community justice in Hawaii studied the three models of alternative dispute resolution: (1) the agency model that operates as part of a government agency; (2) the community model that operates independently of government at the grass-roots level, and (3) the agency-affiliated model that operates outside of a government agency but with government cooperation. After holding community meetings, conferences with experts, undergraduate classroom simulations, and graduate seminars, faculty and students at the University of Hawaii created a fourth model, the university-based community justice center. University faculty and students underwent training in mediation and volunteered their time to administer the program and to serve as mediators. While keeping costs low, the program achieved very high success rates in resolving disputes and satisfying participants. Students and researchers constructively combined theory in practice and gained valuable experience in politics and personal relations.   [More]  Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Community Action, Community Centers, Conflict Resolution

Wirth, Arthur G. (1977). Issues Affecting Education and Work in the Eighties: Efficiency versus Industrial Democracy, A Historical Perspective, Teachers College Record. The author examines the debate between John Dewey and the Social Efficiency philosophers in the early 1900's over vocational education to show that tensions today over that issue have antecedents dating from the beginning of the century. Descriptors: Democratic Values, Educational Philosophy, Efficiency, Equal Education

People for the American Way, Washington, DC. (1992). Democracy's Next Generation II: A Study of American Youth on Race. This report presents the results of a national study of American youth on relations between the races, particularly black-white relations. The study surveyed youth between the ages of 15 and 24 years in three parts: (1) a national telephone survey of 1,170 young people; (2) face-to-face, in-depth interviews with 78 additional young people nationwide; and (3) two focus groups with young whites–one group college-educated, the other not–in Raleigh, North Caorlina. The publication begins with a group portrait derived from the study of the children of the Civil Rights Era including a discussion of the racial divisions, hopeful trends among youth on race, and a vision of a new moral consensus on race. The second major part presents the study and its findings. After an introduction and executive summary, key findings are analyzed in the following eight sections: (1) social perspectives; (2) social values; (3) views of race relations in America; (4) race relations and personal interaction; (5) reactions to policy approaches; (6) voices of minority America; (7) voices of the white majority; and (8) the challenge of leadership in the 1990s. Appendices contain the following: a discussion of methodology, a copy of the filled-in questionnaire, focus group materials, and the questionnaire and an overview of the participants from the one-on-one interviews. Extensive tables and figures illustrate the report. Descriptors: Adolescents, Affirmative Action, Black Youth, Futures (of Society)

Bottery, Mike; Siu, Shun-Mei (1996). Empowerment, Participation, and Democracy? — The Hong Kong Big Sisters' Guidance Programme, Compare. Asserts that the Big Sisters Programme in Hong Kong provides a good example of a scheme that transcends personal and school issues and facilitates a more participative and democratic view of society. Characterizes the program as a benign form of a "hidden curriculum" and recommends establishing it in secondary schools. Descriptors: Chinese Culture, Democratic Values, Educational History, Educational Policy

Hilliard, Asa G., III (1984). Democracy in Evaluation: The Evolution of an Art-Science in Context. Effective evaluation requires evaluators and users to be clear about tasks they are performing in terms of purpose for evaluation, type of data-gathering procedures to be used, and the audience to which results are to be directed. Four things are required if the art-science of educational evaluation is to reach its full potential: (1) an explicit comprehensive model of the evaluation process, reflecting the complexity of the educational ecosystem; (2) explicit, articulated, and valid pedagogies available for application and use; (3) available valid testing and assessment procedures; and (4) theoretical and philosophical clarity. A democratic evaluation process concerns itself with the active, critical initiative of the learner and not simply with the academic outcomes of the learning process as reflected in standardized achievement tests. Three recent, unique approaches to evaluation are discussed: (1) interaction between child and teacher as the primary unit of analysis; (2) interaction between teachers and individual classrooms as the primary unit of analysis; and (3) using the whole school as the primary unit of analysis. Reactions to this article are offered by Daniel L. Stufflebeam, Robert J. Munnelly, and Gilbert N. Garcia. Descriptors: Democratic Values, Educational Assessment, Educational Environment, Educational History

Eisenstein, James (1976). Presidential Primaries of 1976: Where? When? What? Why? Grass Roots Guides on Democracy and Practical Politics. The purpose of this guide is to describe primary election changes, clarify some of the questions people ask about primaries, and help readers understand the primaries' role in choosing the president in 1976. Primaries in 1976 differ in three important respects; the number of states that hold primaries has increased substantially, the rules used to select delegates have been modified for the Democratic primaries, and the way candidates in both parties finance their primary campaigns has changed significantly. The booklet begins with an examination of the origins and purposes of presidential primaries. Section headings are the following: What Are Presidential Primaries?; The Growing Number of Primaries; Types of Presidential Primaries; How Are Primary Campaigns Financed?; How Candidates Enter Primaries; Why Candidates from the "Out" Party Decide to Enter or Avoid Primaries; Which Primaries to Enter?; Primaries in the President's Party; Summary: What Do Primaries Do; and Understanding the Primaries in 1976. Descriptors: Elections, Financial Support, Political Affiliation, Political Science

Hunter, Kathleen A. (1993). George Washington and the Temple of Democracy. Teaching with Historic Places. This document, from the lesson plan series, "Teaching with Historic Places," provides a description of George Washington's life and the building of the U.S. Capitol. George Washington became the first U.S. President after leading the colonies through the revolutionary war. The U.S. Congress and the President decided to create a federal city on the Potomac River near Alexandria, Virginia. George Washington laid the cornerstone of the Capitol Building in Washington D.C. on September 23, 1793. Drawings, floorplans, and maps illustrate the text. Fifteen student activities supplement the text for instructional purposes in the elementary and secondary school curriculum.   [More]  Descriptors: Constitutional History, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Government, History Instruction

Theobald, Paul (1988). Democracy and the Origins of Rural Midwest Education: A Retrospective Essay, Educational Theory. The marked tendency of Americans to look upon the rural Midwest as the "national reservoir of values" points to the need for deeper analyses and interpretation regarding the origins of Midwest rural education, focusing on analyses which square well with the realities of the rural Midwest today. Descriptors: Educational Attitudes, Educational History, Moral Values, Rural Areas

Council for Cultural Cooperation, Strasbourg (France). (1971). Facilities for Cultural Democracy. Rotterdam Symposium on Sociocultural Facilities, (5-9 October 1970). These conference proceedings report the activities of one of a series of symposia dealing with the planning of sociocultural environment. This seminar was concerned specifically with sociocultural facilities and equipment serving the intellectual, artistic, and physical pursuits of individuals, families, and social groups. The main portion of the proceedings are the introductory remarks and discussion of the three main themes: leisure activities in the different European countries; government policies in the cultural field and their effect on facilities; and innovative pilot projects in the field of sociocultural facilities. Recommendations from four working groups touched four areas: the needs and desires of the population and the government's sociocultural policy; the role of the local authorities in the sociocultural policy; the relationship between private industry and the government's sociocultural policy; and popular culture and the sociocultural policy. Appendices list participants and summarize the discussion in the four working groups. A related document is SO 006 640.   [More]  Descriptors: Conference Reports, Democratic Values, Equipment, Facilities

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