Bibliography: Democracy (page 437 of 605)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized for the I'm with Jill website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Arlene Goldbard, Mike Cole, Jerry McCaffery, John H. Bowman, Phyllis Zatlin Boring, Rosemary Gartner, Patricia Nelson, Merrill D. Peterson, Daryl E. Chubin, and James M. Olson.

Olson, James M. (1977). Radical Social Democracy and School Reform in Wilhelmian Germany, History of Education Quarterly. The article describes how the German Social Democratic Party promoted educational reform in Germany before World War I. It demanded state support for a secularized school program, suggested curricular reforms to instill socialist values, and promoted adult education and socialist training in the home. Descriptors: Comparative Education, Curriculum, Educational Change, Educational History

Nelson, Patricia; Holdren, Peggy A. (1995). Promoting Democracy and Inclusion through Outcome-Based Teacher Education. Susquehanna University (Pennsylvania) has worked to reorganize its teacher education program to raise the level of understanding of issues associated with diversity and inclusion through outcome-based education. The curriculum has been restructured according to an outcome-based model; a team model has been instituted for placement of student teachers; and a methods course practicum has been established at the elementary level. The new model includes the development of program learning outcomes and the development of a professional year sequence at a clinical teaching site (practicum) in collaboration with a public elementary school or schools. The process was begun with collaborative strategic planning by student teachers, administrators, faculty, and state department of education representatives and liberal arts faculty in conjunction with teacher teams from the local elementary schools. Seventeen program outcomes were identified in three broad areas: knowledge, teaching behavior and skills, attitudes and dispositions. Program outcomes were evaluated through completion of a student portfolio. Other program elements included field placements in classrooms in partner schools that model inclusionary practices, enrichment programs, and multicultural and inclusionary practice field research internships. (Contains 10 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: College School Cooperation, Curriculum Design, Democratic Values, Educational Change

Ukpokodu, Nelly (1997). Developing Democratic Citizens for Emerging Democracies in Africa, Social Education. Places the current problems concerning citizenship education in Africa in the context of African countries' emergence from colonial rule to democratic government. Maintains that social studies education in Africa must become transformative and interdisciplinary to overcome ethnocentric isolation. Advocates upgrading teacher education and educational facilities. Descriptors: African Culture, African History, Citizenship Education, Civics

Gartner, Rosemary (1991). Family Structure, Welfare Spending, and Child Homicide in Developed Democracies, Journal of Marriage and the Family. Examined relationship between aggregate measures of family structure and homicide victimization rates of infants and children in 17 developed nations since 1965. Results indicated infant homicide rates were higher where rates of births to teenage mothers were higher; child homicide rates were higher where illegitimacy rates, births to teenage mothers, and divorce were higher. Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Developed Nations, Early Parenthood

Boring, Phyllis Zatlin (1980). Theatre in Madrid: The Difficult Transition to Democracy, Theatre Journal. Discusses the effect on Spanish theatre of the abolition of censorship and repression following the death of Generalisimo Franco in 1975. Examines how the plays written and produced since that time reflect a sense of euphoria followed by disillusionment and doubt characteristic of the post-Franco society. Descriptors: Audiences, Censorship, Drama, Foreign Countries

McCaffery, Jerry; Bowman, John H. (1978). Participatory Democracy and Budgeting: The Effects of Proposition 13, Public Administration Review. The complexities associated with Proposition 13 provide a lesson in the hazards of fiscal policy-making through direct voter participation. While the full effects of Proposition 13 are not yet known, it is clear that it has reshaped California local government finance overnight. Descriptors: Budgeting, Elections, Finance Reform, Financial Problems

Adams, Don; Goldbard, Arlene (1981). Cultural Democracy vs. the Democratization of High Culture, Social Policy. Discusses issues surrounding the support of local arts councils. Uses an example of federal policy and one of California State policy to illustrate the magnitude of official opposition to reforming cultural policy in the United States. Descriptors: Art, Cultural Activities, Financial Support, Public Policy

Clay, John; Cole, Mike (1992). Euroracism, Citizenship and Democracy: The Role of Teacher Education, International Studies in Sociology of Education. Argues for an acknowledgement of the rise in Euroracism, a combination of postcolonial racism, antisemitism, and fascism. Discusses the role of initial teacher education in combatting forms of inequality. Rejects nationalistic and multicultural approaches in favor of an empowering curriculum. Concludes that interconnections between all forms of oppression must underpin new perspectives. Descriptors: Ethnocentrism, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Racial Bias

Levak, Albert E. (1974). Sweden: Adult and Recurrent Education in a Disciplined Democracy, Perspectives: A Journal of General and Liberal Studies. Because adult education in Sweden may not be lessening the gap between students and the working population and between younger and older generations as well, recurrent education is viewed as an answer to this dilemma. This approach could help in the pursuit of equality in society, and, further, make the educational choice less dramatic and decisive for youth. Descriptors: Adult Education, Comparative Education, General Education, Lifelong Learning

Chubin, Daryl E. (1985). Open Science and Closed Science: Tradeoffs in a Democracy, Science, Technology, and Human Values. Examines the types of science created due to organizational demands, considering: centrality of peer review, university-industry partnerships, "pork barrell" funding, research misconduct, impositions of basic science, and other topics areas. "Openness" has become a matter for political debate, not scientific judgment alone. Descriptors: College Science, Democratic Values, Disclosure, Federal Regulation

Brown, Carl R. V. (1977). Cultural Democracy and Cultural Variability in Chicano Literature, English Education. Presents the "Chicano Story Value Scale" as a means of evaluating stories' value structures. Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Cultural Influences, English Instruction, Ethnic Studies

Peterson, Merrill D. (1994). Thomas Jefferson: The Architect of Democracy. Classroom Focus, Social Education. Presents a biographical sketch and teaching activities on the life of Thomas Jefferson. Asserts that the world's political geography changed dramatically during his lifetime and presents a classroom lesson on this topic. Includes a chronology of Jefferson's life and six quotations exemplifying his political and social views. Descriptors: Colonial History (United States), Constitutional History, Elementary Secondary Education, Geography Instruction

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