Bibliography: Democracy (page 435 of 605)

This annotated bibliography is reformatted and customized for the I'm with Jill website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Alan Singer, Lisa Kuhmerker, Richard Cawley, Evgeny Kuzmin, A. H. Halsey, Washington Congress of Industrial Organizations, L. Sunny Hansen, Howard Dickman, Chris Wardle, and Alex Molnar.

Congress of Industrial Organizations, Washington, DC. (1953). Build Democracy in the Classroom: How Rapidly Should Desegregation Proceed?. A brief as "amicus curiae" in the United States Supreme Court was offered by the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1953 during a school segregation case. The brief states that if the court finds segregation in the public schools violates the Fourteenth Amendment, it would be preferable for the court to direct cessation "forthwith" rather than allowing "gradual adjustment."   [More]  Descriptors: Public Schools, School Segregation, Supreme Court Litigation, Unions

Pradl, Gordon M. (1996). Democracy and "English Education.", English Education. Discusses some of the challenges that faced "English Education" during the author's tenure as editor, 1986-93, namely those concerning the lack of voice among teachers locked in a system, the narrow range of professional articles published, and the reluctance of professionals to write speculative or narrative articles. Descriptors: English Teacher Education, Faculty Publishing, Higher Education, Personal Narratives

Cawley, Richard (1984). Exploring the Dimensions of Democracy in Community Development, Journal of the Community Development Society. Three case studies (senior citizens center, senior citizens housing project, and a housing and employment project) are assessed against an operational definition of community development. Since only one of these fits the definition, the author concludes that projects designated as community development activity by agencies and workers often do not fulfill the criteria. Descriptors: Case Studies, Citizen Participation, Community Control, Community Development

Dickman, Howard (1984). Exclusive Representation and American Industrial Democracy: An Historical Reappraisal, Government Union Review. Historical evidence is presented for the thesis that exclusive union representation by majority rule was adopted in the private sector primarily to pave the way for a corporative state. Peaceful, orderly collective bargaining by "responsible" unions in a competitive economy was a minor, secondary consideration. Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, Government Employees, Labor Legislation, Labor Market

Hansen, L. Sunny (1992). Integrative Paradigms for Planning Preferred Futures in a Pluralistic Democracy. This paper argues for a dramatic shift in thinking in the counseling profession and society at large. The argument is divided into three major themes or integrative concepts: (1) Partnerships; (2) Inclusivity; and (3) Connectedness. The themes are prefaced by a brief survey of global trends, national and international events, and crises caused by changes. Concerning partnerships, the focus is on the dynamics between women and men. She criticizes the gender-based socialization foisted on individuals and relates how scholarship has laid bare the destructiveness of gender expectations which are still prevalent in most societies. The endemic polarization between the sexes should be reversed by emphasizing respect for others, self esteem, and a valuing of partnerships–not opposition.  Inclusivity requires a revaluation of opposition. Inclusivity, she continues, requires a revaluation of scientific knowledge along with a new appreciation for qualitative investigations. Also needed is a continuing respect for racial/ethnic pluralism. Connectedness involves three aspects: (1) Holism, that is, seeking balance in one's life; (2) Spirituality, letting people know that they matter; and (3) Community, where everyone's talents are incorporated to address the world's many problems. The article lists five strategies for counselors to use in realizing these themes.   [More]  Descriptors: Counseling, Counselor Educators, Counselors, Democratic Values

Andrews, Sharon Vincz; Turner, Carol (1991). Sowing the Seeds of Democracy in a First Grade Classroom. This paper presents an outline of a five-day program designed to introduce first-grade children to decision-making processes. Included in the paper are: (1) lists of assumptions, goals, and strategies; (2) a day-by-day outline of activities; and (3) a reader's theater script based on "The Legend of the Bluebonnet" for use by the students. A 12-item selected reading list is attached. Descriptors: Class Activities, Decision Making, Grade 1, Lesson Plans

Halsey, A. H. (1983). Oxford University–An Elitist Democracy of Dons, Change. Questions of power, leadership, and the struggle of academic versus administrative influence at Oxford University are explored, and Weber's theory of leadership and authority is applied to the institution, whose objective is to produce members of the elite or ruling social strata. Descriptors: Academic Standards, College Administration, College Faculty, Foreign Countries

Singer, Alan (1992). Multiculturalism and Democracy: The Promise of Multicultural Education, Social Education. Discusses efforts in New York City and New York State to revise and expand the social studies curriculum to reflect a multicultural outlook. Argues that the study of history must respect the integrity of the past and not teach myth as history. Includes ideas on promoting democratic values, teaching social history, and teaching imaginatively. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Curriculum Development, Democratic Values, Elementary Secondary Education

ZACK, ARNOLD (1964). LABOR TRAINING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, A CHALLENGE IN RESPONSIBLE DEMOCRACY. THIS STUDY DISCUSSES THE POLITICAL AND SOCIOECONOMIC ROLE OF TRADE UNIONS IN DEVELOPING NATIONS, EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING NEEDS OF UNIONISTS, LEADERSHIP TRAINING METHODS (OVERSEAS TOURS, REGIONAL COURSES, RESIDENTIAL PROGRAMS), ORGANIZATIONAL PROBLEMS, CURRICULUM PLANNING, EFFECTS OF SPONSOR OBJECTIVES, THE SELECTION OF STAFF AND PARTICIPANTS, TRAINING METHODOLOGY, EVALUATION PROCEDURES, PROGRAM IMPACTS, AND WAYS OF IMPROVING UNION AND GOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT COOPERATION BY BUSINESS, GOVERNMENTAL, AND OTHER EMPLOYEES TO MAINTAIN AND SUPPORT REGIMES AIMED AT RESPONSIBLE CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT MAY PRODUCE CONDITIONS CONDUCIVE TO CONSTRUCTIVE AND FREE TRADE UNIONS IN DEVELOPING NATIONS. APPENDIXES DESCRIBE PROGRAMS IN INDIA, PURETO RICO, THE UNITED STATES, THE PHILIPPINES, ISRAEL, MEXICO, UGANDA, AND GENEVA (SWITZERLAND). THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FROM FREDERICK A. PRAEGER, NEW YORK. 198 PAGES. Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Curriculum, Developing Nations, Educational Needs

Andrews, Sharon Vincz (1996). Limited Democracy: Voice and Choice in the Language Methods Class. This paper discusses "Doing Theory in the Methods Class: Focused Reflection," a chapter from the book "Whole Language Voices in Teacher Education" edited by Kathryn F. Whitmore and Yetta Goodman. The book chapter focuses on guided classroom reflection as a key element in the education of preservice teachers, exploring whether teacher educators demonstrate reflective practice in their courses. Two aspects of teacher education courses in language arts specifically designed to demonstrate reflective strategies for teaching and learning are discussed: the literature on reflectivity in learning, and course overviews and their relation to data collection and analysis. Then, the emergent themes in those data and implications for reflective teacher education are examined. The paper also looks at some new aspects of course reflection which have contributed to greater ownership of the courses by students; critical feedback for the professor; immediate negotiation of course content/methods; increased opportunities for voice and choice among students; and outstanding course evaluations. Two appendixes provide a set of protocols for reflection strategies and a sample feedback sheet. (Contains 21 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Language Arts

Molnar, Alex (1983). Nuclear Policy in a Democracy: Do Educators Have a Choice?, Educational Leadership. Despite differing opinions on discussing nuclear policy in the curriculum and how students are best prepared for citizenship, educators can work together to assert the right of United States citizens to have access to information necessary to participate in the policymaking process. Descriptors: Censorship, Citizenship Responsibility, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Disarmament

Kuzmin, Evgeny (1993). From Totalitarianism to Democracy: Russian Libraries in Transition, American Libraries. Discusses past influences on Russia's libraries, examines current improvements in the Russian library situation, and considers prospects for the future. Highlights include the publishing industry; government economic problems; financial support from trade unions; outdated materials; dissatisfied users; and censorship under past regimes. Descriptors: Censorship, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Financial Support

Wrigley, Julia (1997). Chicago School Reform: Business Control or Open Democracy?, Teachers College Record. Comments on the two preceding articles that examined Chicago's complex school reform efforts. The articles present differing views, with one emphasizing democratic and social issues related to reform and the other highlighting the organization of business leaders into a political force. They also raise questions about power, social movements, and ethnic/racial politics in urban settings. Descriptors: Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Parent Participation, Politics of Education

Wardle, Chris (1988). Democracy in NGOs: Making the Cooperative Option Work, ASPBAE Courier. Discusses several problems encountered by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that structure themselves as cooperatives, with all members being equal. Presents four problem areas–(1) decision making, (2) meetings, (3) job rotation, and (4) growth–as well as strategies to solve potential problems. Descriptors: Adults, Cooperatives, Decision Making, Meetings

Kuhmerker, Lisa (1992). Freedom and Democracy at the Sudbury Valley School, Moral Education Forum. Describes the school governance and student behavior policies at a private K-12 school in Massachusetts. Maintains that students, faculty, and staff have well-defined responsibilities. Provides recommendations for changes that would lead to enhanced student learning. Descriptors: Behavior Standards, Democratic Values, Discipline Policy, Educational Philosophy

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