Bibliography: Democracy (page 430 of 605)

This bibliography is independently curated for the I'm with Jill website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Radmila Dostalova, Barbara Arnstine, Ken Futernick, Norman Gillespie, Jana Valkova, Charles F. Bahmueller, Clive Harber, Beth Farnbach, J. Keith Keeling, and Mary John.

Kurth, Lita (1995). Democracy and Leadership in Basic Writing Small Groups. Commonly accepted ideas, on the one hand, about how small groups in a writing class should work and, on the other hand, psychological research about what makes a small group work well are not consistent. Social psychologist Clovis Shepherd claims that the "popular notion that the democratic ideal is a group in which all members exert an equal amount of leadership may be a desirable ideology but it has little support in research." Shepherd, in reviewing research on small group dynamics, came up with several interesting criteria for a successful group: (1) each member knows what his or her role is; (2) the group takes action through consensus (all have a say and all give consent) rather than through majority vote or minority railroading; and (3) the group has full and open communication. Another social theorist, Cecil Gibb, adds another surprise: leadership, she maintains, is situational; that is, the leader is not an enduring role held by one person but the one that is filled by that person who at a particular moment can contribute the most. Observations of student small groups in a basic writing course support some of these findings. In one group, for instance, a group leader clearly emerged, and, as a result, all members considered the group successful. Had the instructor not been familiar with the above research, she might have interrupted the group's activity and tried to control the amount of talking and directing the leader was doing. Other groups provided less definitive contributions to the issue of group dynamics; the research on small groups, on the whole, has revealed "many trees and no forest."   [More]  Descriptors: Basic Writing, Cooperation, Democracy, Group Dynamics

John, Mary (1999). Democracy in the Night Schools of Rajastan: The Indian Children's Parliament, Journal of Family Life: A Quarterly for Empowering Families. The Indian Children's Parliament (Rajastan, India) emerged from the Social Work and Research Centre (later known as the Barefoot College), which provides academic and vocational classes at night for rural working children. These children contribute to family incomes, but previously their opinions were not acknowledged. Students elect 17 Parliament members who monitor conditions in their night schools and villages. Descriptors: Child Advocacy, Child Health, Child Labor, Child Welfare

Brants, Kees (1996). Policing Democracy: Communication Freedom in the Age of Internet, Electronic Journal of Communication/La Revue Electronique de Communication. Looks at some recent regulations in Germany and the United States which have limited information exchange over computer networks. Details the real political application via the Internet of a specific example in the Netherlands. Descriptors: Communication Research, Content Analysis, Democracy, Foreign Countries

Arnstine, Barbara; Futernick, Ken (1999). The LegiSchool Project: Teaching Democracy as an Alternative for All Schools, Clearing House. Describes the LegiSchool Project in California which cultivates democratic citizenship and competence in decision making by involving students in the state legislative process. Notes the success of this project with all students, including students at risk. Discusses three necessary conditions for that success: fostering student interest, providing respect for students, and developing student appreciation of citizenship itself. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Democratic Values, High Risk Students, Program Descriptions

Nabil, Philip A. (1975). Women in Society and Sport: Democracy or Hypocrisy?, Physical Educator. The discrimination and injustices acting upon women's existence in society are manifested and perpetuated in the milieu of sport. Descriptors: Athletics, Democracy, Females, Feminism

Castelli, Jim (1992). The National Issues Forums: Promoting Democracy in Libraries, American Libraries. Explains the National Issues Forums (NIF), a nonpartisan program of public-issue discussions designed to enable citizens to have a more effective voice in U.S. politics. The role of libraries in the NIF is discussed; resources the NIF provides are described; and public relations benefits to libraries that participate are considered. Descriptors: Democracy, Discussion Groups, Library Role, National Programs

Plank, David N.; Boyd, William Lowe (1994). Antipolitics, Education, and Institutional Choice: The Flight from Democracy, American Educational Research Journal. Analyzes the relationships among antipolitics, institutional choice, and democratic governance. Presents the main arguments against democratic governance in education and discusses recently proposed alternatives to democratic governance in education. Considers the implications of democratic governance for educational reform in the United States and other parts of the world. Descriptors: Democracy, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Governance

Western European Education (1986). France: Towards Greater Democracy in Lower Secondary Schools. Begins by reviewing widely-perceived ills of France's lower secondary schools and noting the political nature of any decision to change. Outlines the official 1982 four-point program of reform designed to move toward genuine democratization of the schools. Notes obstacles to change, but provides guidelines for a number of practices deemed helpful to the goal. Descriptors: Democracy, Educational Change, Educational Methods, Educational Policy

Lovett, Tom; Gillespie, Norman (1997). Community Development: Democracy and Citizenship in Northern Ireland, Convergence. During the past 25 years, when Northern Ireland has been a divided society in which structures and processes have broken down, the country has witnessed tremendous growth in community growth in both Catholic and Protestant communities. The Ulster People's College combats social deprivation and exclusion through community development and education. Descriptors: Adult Education, Community Development, Community Education, Democracy

Polechova, Pavla; Valkova, Jana; Dostalova, Radmila; Farnbach, Beth; Bahmueller, Charles F. (1997). Civic Education for Democracy in the Czech Republic, International Journal of Social Education. Observes that the international civic education program Civitas has been of great benefit to both the Czech Republic and cooperating U.S. states. Discusses background factors in the Czech Republic, civic education projects underway in that country, and a program introduced into Czech civic education as a result of the partnership. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Civics, Democracy, Elementary Secondary Education

Harber, Clive (1997). International Developments and the Rise of Education for Democracy, Compare. Explores the authoritarian model of education that has predominated historically and internationally, and argues that in recent years international political and educational developments have dramatically strengthened the position of democratic alternatives to such schooling. Concludes by discussing the correlation of educational effectiveness with various principles of democratic education. Descriptors: Authoritarianism, Civics, Democracy, Democratic Values

Keeling, J. Keith (1985). Taming Economics and Democracy: A Crucial Task for Education, Journal of Studies in Technical Careers. The author contends that as educators work together in facing the many difficult problems facing higher education, their wealth and their democratic tendencies offer unique challenges to institutions and to individual faculty. Descriptors: College Faculty, Democracy, Economic Status, Higher Education

Byrnes, Deborah A.; Kiger, Gary (1986). Religious Prejudice and Democracy: Conflict in the Classroom, Issues in Education. Discusses (1) the relationship between democratic values, religious beliefs, and religious prejudice; (2) legal issues; and (3) policy implications for educating students in a religiously diverse, democratic society. Outlines implications and practical suggestions for teacher educators and classroom teachers. Includes 25 endnotes. Descriptors: Bias, Democracy, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education

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